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7 things to know about the Little Rock Nine

Sixty years ago, nine black students had to be escorted by federal troops through an angry mob of white people as they walked toward the doors of an all-white high school in Little Rock, Arkansas, for their first full day of classes.

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Here are seven things to know about the Little Rock Nine:

Who was part of the Little Rock Nine?

The nine brave black students were Melba Pattillo Beals, Minnijean Brown, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Gloria Ray Karlmark, Carlotta Walls LaNier, Thelma Mothershed, Terrence Roberts and Jefferson Thomas.

What did the Little Rock Nine signify?

By the time the Little Rock Nine became icons on that September Wednesday in 1957, it had been three years since the Supreme Court declared “separate but equal” in America’s public schools unconstitutional. 

According to History.com, the event showed the South’s opposing public sentiment toward the new law.

Wednesday, Sept. 25, wasn’t the first day the Little Rock Nine tried to attend classes at the high school.

Classes at Little Rock Central High School had already been in session for at least three weeks prior to that Wednesday.

In fact, Sept. 4, was actually the first day of school at Little Rock Central High.

But on that day, as the Little Rock Nine arrived at the campus led by Daisy Bates (president of the Arkansas NAACP), the Arkansas National Guard stopped them from entering the facility, a call made by Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus.

Faubus claimed it was for the students’ own protection, according to History.com.

One of the more iconic photos of the Little Rock Nine features Elizabeth Eckford that day, clutching her notebook as angry white students and adults screamed at her.

After a couple more failed attempts in September, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent federal troops to escort the Little Rock Nine into the school for their first full day of classes on Sept. 25.

The troops were also sent to federalize the Arkansas state National Guard, which under the command of Arkansas Faubus had barred the nine from entering in the first place.

Ernest Green became the first black graduate of Central High.

Green was the only senior high schooler among the Little Rock Nine. On May 25, 1958, he earned a diploma and became the school’s first black graduate. 

Martin Luther King, Jr. even attended his graduation ceremony.

In an interview with The Associated Press, Green recalls his time at Little Rock Central High was “like going to war every day.”

The next year, all of Little Rock’s high schools were closed.

Citizens of Little Rock voted 19,470 to 7,571 against integration, prompting Faubus to close the city’s high schools for the entire year.

During that year, the students either went to nearby schools or found other alternatives. 

Only eight of the Little Rock Nine are still alive.

Before he died at age 67, Little Rock Nine’s Jefferson Thomas was a federal employee with the Department of Defense for 27 years.

The eight other surviving members continue to create their own personal achievements after integrating Little Rock Central High.

How did the Little Rock Nine influence the Civil Rights Movement?

The event tested the South’s resistance to the landmark 1954 Supreme Court ruling that declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional.

As photos and accounts of the Little Rock Nine hit the nation’s newspapers, the message of unity spread with fervor. 

“The imagery of these perfectly dressed, lovely, serious young people seeking to enter a high school ... to see them met with ugliness and rage and hate and violence was incredibly powerful,” Sherrilyn Ifill, director of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, told the Associated Press.

What is Arkansas’ Little Rock School District like today?

Segregation may be over, but not many minority students and white students share classrooms today, even in Little Rock.

According to the AP, the Little Rock School District today is about two-thirds black and has been under state control since 2015, due to low academic performance -- and the increase in number of charter schools is only contributing to self-segregation.

From the AP:

During the 2015-2016 school year, the average black student in Little Rock attended a school of approximately 14 percent white students, 14 percent Hispanic students and 68 percent black students, according to Arkansas Department of Education data.

Twenty years ago, a black student in Little Rock would have attended a school of approximately 27 percent white students, 1.7 percent Hispanic students and 70 percent black students.

Nationally, the average black student in 1980 attended a school that was 36 percent white. And during the 2014-2015 school year, the average black student have attended a school that was only 27 percent white.Now, the Little Rock Nine are commemorating the 60th anniversary of Central High’s desegregation by bringing light to the continuing problem of segregation in the nation’s public schools.

Read more at apnews.com.

Woman's explicitly detailed grocery list leaves little room for error for husband

Twitter user Era Golwalkar gained attention online this week when a grocery list she made for her husband went viral. 

Golwalkar’s list had very explicit instructions, leaving her husband little room to mess up the shopping.

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“This is the task I gave to my hubby last weekend! Even (you) guys (should) follow this list for happy customers,” Golwalkar wrote on Twitter.

List items such as potatoes and onions came with illustrations from Golwalkar so her husband knew exactly what she was looking for. She even specified colors (red and yellow tomatoes, no green potatoes) and condition (round onions, tomatoes with no holes or cracks. She also included traditional Indian food items such as methi and mirchi, which were also listed with doodles and details.

The Times of India noted that the list “acts as a ‘legally binding agreement’ in case there is a conflict later between the couple due to any discrepancy between what was conveyed and what was bought.”

“We implore women to be this particular in preparing the grocery lists as not only will it avoid any unambiguity arising out of their husbands’ lack of discretion or general awareness, but it will also not give him any chance to make frivolous claims later such as, ‘You didn’t mention the quantity/color/weight,’ (or) ‘This wasn’t available and you didn’t mention any substitute,’” Times reporter Vikram Bhalla cheekily wrote.

Golwalkar later provided an “answer key,” as demanded by apparent fans, with explanations of directions and preferences on the list.

In the guide, she explained that it was important her husband purchase red tomatoes, which are ready to use, and yellow ones, which last longer. Drawings of onions with and without growths distinguish which are ripe and which are not. She continued the key explaining the best conditions for usable methi, mirchi and bhindhi, an okra used in Indian cooking.

The Cox Media Group National Content Desk contributed to this report.

Teen who choked and killed mother’s abusive ex-boyfriend not indicted 

A New York teenager, who was accused of choking his mother's abusive ex-boyfriend to death, will return to normal life after a grand jury declined to indict him

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High school senior Luis Moux, 18, was facing a manslaughter charge in connection with the death of Stanley Washington in August

The teen told police he saw Washington beating his mother inside their Bronx, New York apartment. Moux ran out of his bedroom, pulled Washington off his mother and then started choking him, said police. 

Washington had been previously arrested for domestic violence involving Moux's mother.

Moux was arrested shortly after the incident, with police saying it wasn't "cut and dry." He was charged with manslaughter. The teen's family maintained he was protecting his mother and it was self-defense. 

Now with the grand jury decision not to formally charge Moux, his attorney, Walter Fields, said the teen will move on with his life. 

"It was clear that Luis didn’t do anything wrong. He testified in the grand jury and his story didn’t change a bit,” Fields told the New York Daily News

"When you are an innocent man, you just want to move on with your life."

>> Related: Teen chokes man to death after seeing him beat mom unconscious, police say

Washington, meantime, had a long criminal history, that included more than 20 prior arrests, according to police.

 

Ohio bill would ban sexting, require diversion programs for youths

Sexting is rampant among teens, putting them at risk for criminal charges, school expulsion and images of their privates being displayed and shared in the digital world.

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The behavior is so common that some Ohio counties have set up diversion programs for young offenders.

State Reps. Jeff Rezabek, R-Clayton, and Brian Hill, R-Zanesville, introduced a bill in the Ohio House to ban sexting by anyone under age 21 and require courts to set up diversion programs.

The bill would require that the diversion programs cover legal consequences, potential sanctions such as school discipline or the loss of job opportunities, the effect on relationships, the potential for bullying and how the searchability and infinite audience online can produce long-term consequences.

The bill would allow courts to use existing programs and prosecutors would retain the discretion to criminally charge first-time offenders when deemed appropriate.

RELATED: Clark County program aims to stop teens from sexting

RELATED: Clark County prosecutors, schools team up to fight sexting

“This generation -- a lot of pictures taken and videos recorded,” said Rezabek. “It seems it’s always a young girl sending a picture to a young boy, who then sends it to his buddies.”

That scenario played out four years ago in Oakwood, Ohio, with a high school freshman who ended up spending several Saturdays, attending classes in a Montgomery County diversion program. His mother praises the program as a second-chance for kids who make mistakes and an opportunity for them to learn about the law and consequences to their behavior.

“They just don’t understand the gravity of things and only have a vague understanding of law,” the mother said, speaking on the condition of anonymity to protect her son’s privacy.

RELATED: Stop sending EMS to respond to overdose calls, Ohio councilman says

This generation of teens and young adults constantly share candid -- and sometimes sexually explicit -- photos without an awareness of the long-term ramifications, the mother said. “It’s this dangerous juxtaposition: the bubble of obliviousness and they’re starting to change, they’re going through puberty.”

Sexting is the creation, sending, receiving or showing of sexually-oriented content via cell phone, email, social media or other online sources. It is legal among consenting adults, as long as elements of coercion aren’t part of it, Rezabek said.

RELATED: 5 Vandalia students suspended for sexting

When minors are involved in sexting, it can lead to criminal charges. Studies show that one in four teens are involved in sexting, while as many as half have seen inappropriate texts, according to the Ohio State Bar Association.

RELATED: Ohio State Bar: sexting involving minors is a crime

Student finds loophole in professor’s exam instructions, becomes internet hero

A Maryland college student has become an unwitting internet hero after he found a loophole in his professor’s exam instructions that allowed him to bring a note card the size of a human being to class.

Reb Beatty, an assistant professor at Anne Arundel Community College in Arnold, wrote on Facebook last week that, each year, he allows his accounting students to bring a 3x5 note card filled with notes to class for their first exam. Unfortunately, Beatty was not specific enough about those dimensions.

One student, Elijah Bowen, showed up for the test with a note card measuring 3x5 feet. A photo taken by Beatty shows Bowen’s note card, filled with pages’ worth of both typed and neatly handwritten notes. 

“As precise as I am, apparently I never specified inches, and therefore, yes, it was allowed,” Beatty wrote. “Well played, and lesson learned for me.”

Beatty’s post received more than 33,000 reactions and, as of Tuesday morning, had been shared close to 30,000 times. 

A few days after he initially posted the photo, the professor clarified some issues, particularly whether his method should be considered cheating. 

“Using a 3x5 inch (or foot) card/poster in an accounting course is just as much -- if not more -- a preparatory tool than a test aid,” Beatty wrote on Facebook. “The approach is that the process itself will force the student to organize his/her thoughts, put material into terminology that he/she understands, et cetera. It is NOT cheating, or going easy on students, or however you want to reference it. An accounting exam, designed effectively, requires application of concepts and proficiency in the material, not just regurgitating facts.”

Many of Beatty’s Facebook commenters praised Bowen’s initiative, with at least one person saying that he was “going places” in life. 

“Love this! And the explanations from the teacher,” another woman wrote. “As an educator, and the wife of an accounting student, I agree that organization & meticulous review of concepts prepares students for application. THAT is real life.” 

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Bowen also reiterated some of Beatty’s points in an interview with the Capital Gazette in Annapolis, saying that he “figured it would be a win-win either way” because preparing the giant note card would be a good way to study for the exam.   

“I had to refer to the card only a couple of times,” Bowen said. “It was very big. It was more comical than anything.”

The freshman told the Gazette that he wasn’t sure if Beatty would allow the giant note card, so he had a backup 3x5 inch index card, just in case. What he did know, he said, is that he was right about the professor not specifying the exact dimensions of what was allowed. 

He credited Beatty with teaching him to notice tiny details such as that one. 

“The professor is always telling us not to miss details or specifics, since that will throw off entire calculations,” Bowen told the newspaper

He said he just applied that principle to Beatty’s syllabus and notes. 

Beatty allowed the giant note card, but made Bowen sit in the back row so other students could not see his notes, the Gazette reported. Bowen told the newspaper that he passed the test with either a low A or a high B. 

The professor told Buzzfeed News that he’s since updated his syllabus and course instructions with the correct size of the note card allowed during the exam. 

Auburn, Oklahoma State, USC coaches among 10 charged with corruption

Federal prosecutors on Tuesday announced charges against 10 people accused of participating in a pair of college basketball bribery schemes, including four coaches in top-tier college basketball programs and employees of global sportswear apparel giant Adidas.

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“The picture painted by the charges brought today is not a pretty one,” acting U.S. Attorney Joon Kim said at a news conference Tuesday afternoon.

Authorities allege that four coaches took bribes to steer their student athletes toward financial advisers, business managers and athletic advisers, including Jim Gatto, listed online as the director of global marketing for Adidas; and Munish Sood, identified by The Washington Post as chief executive of financial advisory company Princeton Capital.

Prosecutors identified the charged coaches as Auburn University assistant coach Chuck Person, University of Southern California assistant coach Tony Bland, University of Arizona assistant coach Emanuel "Book" Richardson and Oklahoma State University assistant coach Lamont Evans.

Father dies after getting attacked by swarm of bees

A Foxborough father of two was killed over the weekend after he was attacked by a swarm of bees while doing yard work, according to a report.

The Sun Chronicle reports Eric Dahl, 48, was doing yard work at his Keryns Way home Saturday when he was stung by the bees.

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His wife, Alison Dahl, told the Sun Chronicle her husband was in great health and they had completed a six-mile run earlier in the day.

Eric Dahl was taken to Norwood Hospital where he later died of what is believed to have been a heart attack.

The couple have two daughters – Emma, 14 and Casey, 12.

Pastor arrested for failing to report child sex abuse claims against sheriff’s deputy

An Alabama pastor was arrested last week following accusations that he refused to notify authorities when he learned that a sheriff’s deputy was sexually abusing a child. 

Michael James Walker, 51, of Huntsville, is charged with a violation of the mandatory reporting laws, according to Huntsville police officials. As a pastor, Walker is required to notify law enforcement or the state Department of Human Resources when he suspects or is informed of abuse. 

Walker’s Thursday arrest stems from the case against former Madison County Sheriff’s Office investigator Roland Gilbert Campos Jr., who was arrested in August after the allegations against him were brought to the Sheriff’s Office. Campos, 63, is charged with two counts of first-degree sexual abuse. 

Campos’ alleged victim is a 12-year-old family member, authorities said. 

Related: Cop accused of fondling girl is 3rd in family charged with child sex abuse

Police officials said that the girl reported the abuse to Walker in March. Walker is senior pastor at Southside Baptist Church in Huntsville. 

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Campos is the third member of his immediate family to be accused of sexually abusing a child. He was booked into the Madison County Jail Aug. 18, shortly after he resigned his position with the Madison County Sheriff’s Office. 

AL.com reported that Campos, a 10-year veteran of the department who investigated white-collar crime, resigned hours after the allegations came to light. The alleged abuse occurred in February, Huntsville police Lt. Stacy Bates told WHNT News 19 in Huntsville

Campos’ son, Roland Gilbert Campos III, is serving two life sentences, without the possibility of parole, for sodomizing the 5-year-old daughter of his girlfriend, according to AL.com. Campos III was arrested on the charges in 2013 and convicted the following year. He is serving his life sentence at William E. Donaldson Correctional Facility in Bessemer. 

The former investigator’s brother, Russell Leland Campos, was indicted in 2011 on two counts of sexual abuse of a child under the age of 12. The case against Russell Campos never went to trial because the alleged victim was too emotionally fragile to testify, according to authorities. 

Both Walker and Roland Campos Jr. are free on bail, jail records show. 

Equifax CEO is out after massive data breach

Equifax CEO Richard Smith is out after the credit bureau reported a massive data breach earlier this month.

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The move, described as a retirement, was made effective immediately on Tuesday. Paulino do Rego Barros Jr., the head of Equifax’s Asian operations, has been named interim CEO, and board member Mark Feidler has been named non-executive chairman.

Officials with the Atlanta-based credit reporting and technology company said a “cyber security incident” might have exposed the personal information of 143 million Americans.

Hackers exploited a software glitch to gain access to the trove of personal data, the company said. Equifax disclosed earlier this month that the data breach was discovered in July and believed to have taken place from mid-May to July.

>> Related: Equifax, software maker blame each other for opening door to hackers

The data believed to have been accessed included names, Social Security numbers, birth dates and addresses.

In a statement, Feidler said, “The Board remains deeply concerned about and totally focused on the cybersecurity incident.”

“We are working intensely to support consumers and make the necessary changes to minimize the risk that something like this happens again,” he said. “We have formed a Special Committee of the Board to focus on the issues arising from the incident and to ensure that all appropriate actions are taken.”

Smith had been Equifax's CEO since 2005.

In a statement, Smith called his tenure at Equifax “an honor, and I’m indebted to the 10,000 Equifax employees who have dedicated their lives to making this a better company.”

Although many analysts had applauded Equifax's performance under Smith, he and the rest of his management team had come under fire for lax security and its response to the breach.

Smith is expected to testify before Congress in early October.

>> Related: Equifax apologizes for sending people to fake company website 

WSBTV obtained video of the Smith speaking to students and faculty at the University of Georgia last month, after the company’s massive data breach occurred but before the company disclosed it.

The company didn’t disclose the breach until Sept. 7.

The Associated Press, Atlanta Journal-Constitution and the Cox Media Group National Content Desk contributed to this report.

Hurricane Maria: Live updates

Hurricane Maria continues to churn in the Atlantic Ocean. The deadly storm has claimed lives on multiple islands in its path.

>> Read more trending news 

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